Identification of Sustainable Option in Water Conservation for Rural India

Vidula Arun Swami 1 * , Sushma Shekhar Kulkarni 2, Akshay Rajan Thorvat 3, Sheetal Satyaveer Varur 1

Aquademia: Water, Environment and Technology, Volume 2, Issue 1, Article No: 03.

https://doi.org/10.20897/awet/86714

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Abstract

India is a country of villages with 68.84% of the total population living in rural areas. The villagers are lagging in their developments due to the scarcity of water. Hence in this study, it was decided to find out the technique of water conservation which will sustain in rural areas and to compile the results by applying the model which will work for this. Considering the topographical features of a small plot of area two hectares of Kaneri watershed situated in Kolhapur District, Maharashtra, the structures for water conservation had been implemented in it in June 2011. The structures included gully plugs on existing water stream followed by the farm pond at its end along with farm terraces and continuous contour trenches surrounding the water stream. The practical evidence proved the positive impact of water conservation structures on water conservation and groundwater recharge. For assessing this impact technically for ungauged Kaneri watershed, SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool) Model was used in the study and both the results were compiled. From the model results, the sediment yield and water yield showed expected impact on the watershed. Thus, the SWAT model proved to be an effective tool in assessing the impact of changes in land management on runoff and sediment yield.

Keywords

farm pond, water conservation, SWAT model, sediment yield, runoff

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Swami, V. A., Kulkarni, S. S., Thorvat, A. R., and Varur, S. S. (2018). Identification of Sustainable Option in Water Conservation for Rural India. Aquademia: Water, Environment and Technology, 2(1), 03. https://doi.org/10.20897/awet/86714

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