Transforming science teaching in Namibia: A practical work inquiry framework for secondary schools
Tomas Shivolo 1 *
More Detail
1 The International University of Management, Windhoek, NAMIBIA* Corresponding Author


This study presents the practical work inquiry practice framework, which is designed to improve science practical work and inquiry-based instruction in secondary schools in Namibia. The framework has been developed based on both theoretical and empirical research. The study conducts a thorough examination of existing literature to identify research gaps in existing studies. It emphasizes the significant impact of teachers’ beliefs and external influences on the process of lesson planning. The framework aims to bridge the gap between teachers’ views and the actual implementation of the science curriculum, functioning at the macro, meso, and micro levels of education. It includes various aspects such as strategic planning, training for teachers, designing the curriculum, providing resources, implementing lessons in the classroom, giving feedback, fostering collaboration, monitoring progress, evaluating outcomes, providing ongoing support, involving stakeholders, promoting a positive school culture, demonstrating leadership, supporting teachers, addressing learner diversity, and engaging the community. The aspects are classified into strategic, tactical, and operational functions that are interconnected to enhance scientific teaching methods. The established framework offers a complete and contextually applicable method to implementing science practical work in Namibian secondary schools. This approach is based on inquiry-based instruction and aims to increase overall education.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

AQUADEMIA, Volume 8, Issue 1, 2024, Article No: ep24004

Publication date: 11 Jun 2024

Article Views: 482

Article Downloads: 230

Open Access References How to cite this article