Research Article

Availability and Utilization of Instructional Materials in Teaching and Learning of Biology in Senior Secondary Schools

Akilu Isma’il 1 * , Olatunbosun Mujidat Lukman 1
More Detail
1 Department of Science Education, Federal University Gusau, Gasau, NIGERIA* Corresponding Author
Aquademia, 2022, 6(2), ep22013, https://doi.org/10.30935/aquademia/12614
OPEN ACCESS   115 Views   113 Downloads
Download Full Text (PDF)

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the availability and utilization of instructional materials in the teaching and learning of biology in senior secondary schools in Talata Mafara Town, Zamfara State. A descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study using quantitative data. The population comprised all the heads of department of biology in the senior secondary schools (six public and four private) in Talata Mafara Town. The entire population constituted the sample of the study due to its small size. A validated questionnaire with reliability index of 0.63 obtained using Cronbach’s alpha was used as instrument for data collection. The data collected were analyzed using frequency counts and percentages presented in tables and charts. Five research questions guided the study. The findings of the study revealed that some of the required instructional materials are fairly available but are not regularly use by biology teachers. Biology laboratories and instructional materials relating to multimedia are lacking in most of the schools in Talata Mafara Town. Lack of fund for procurement and large class size coupled with lack of in-service training for serving biology teachers were major factors identified to inhibit effective provision and utilization of instructional materials respectively. Based on these findings, the study recommended among others that biology teachers in Talata Mafara Town should make effort in utilizing available instructional materials. Zamfara Sate Government should build biology laboratories and make provision for instructional materials especially multimedia related in all senior secondary schools in Talata Mafara. Professional development of biology teachers should be encouraged and sponsored by government and other relevant stake holders.

CITATION (APA)

Isma’il, A., & Lukman, O. M. (2022). Availability and Utilization of Instructional Materials in Teaching and Learning of Biology in Senior Secondary Schools. Aquademia, 6(2), ep22013. https://doi.org/10.30935/aquademia/12614

REFERENCES

  1. Achimugu, L. (2017). Availability and utilization of instructional materials for teaching chemistry in senior secondary schools. International Journal of Novel Research in Education and Learning, 4(3), 33-43.
  2. Adesola, M. O., Olorode, G. B., & Aranmolate, T. R. (2022). Effect of instructional materials on biology instructions among high achieving secondary school students in SPED international secondary school, Oyo, Nigeria. Journal of Educational Research in Developing Areas, 3(2), 237-245.
  3. Ahmed, M. A., Abimbola, I. O., Omosewo, O. E., & Akanbi, A. O. (2012). Availability and utilization of instructional resources for teaching basic science and technology in secondary schools in Korin, Nigeria. In Proceedings of the 53rd Annual Conference of Science Teachers (pp. 203-214). Science Teachers Association of Nigeria.
  4. Ajemba, H. E, Ahmed F. M, Ogunode N. J, & Olatunde-Aiyedun, T. G. (2021). Problems facing science teachers in public secondary schools in Nigeria and way forward. International Journal of Discoveries and Innovations in Applied Sciences, 1(5), 118-129.
  5. Akanbi, K. (2018). Selection, utilization, and evaluation of instructional media. Y Books Press.
  6. Bello, S., Kamar, Y. M., Yushau, M. A., & Abubakar, H. S. (2022). Efficacy of computer assisted multimedia instruction on students’ academic performance and retention of ecology in some northwestern states, Nigeria. Journal of Educational Research in Developing Areas, 3(2), 127-140. https://doi.org/10.47434/JEREDA.3.2.2022.127
  7. Chukwunazo, O. M., Okwuchukwu, O. K., & Chikendu, R. E. (2022). Interaction effects on teaching with improvised instructional materials and standard instructional materials in secondary school chemistry. ISSRA Journal of Education, Linguistics and Literature, 2(2), 19-25. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6476197
  8. Delice, A. (2010). The sampling issues in quantitave research. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, 10(4), 2001-2018.
  9. Effiong, O. E., & Igiri, C. E. (2015). Impact of instructional materials in teaching and learning of biology in senior secondary schools. International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, 62, 27-33. https://doi.org/10.18052/www.sci press.com/ILSHS.62.27
  10. Ezeh, O. V., Nwobodo, D., & Ishiwu, I. U. (2021). Extent of implementation of biology curriculum in senior secondary schools in Nsukka and Obollo-Afor education zones of Enugu State, Nigeria. British International Journal of Education and Social Sciences, 8(7), 13-18.
  11. Ibrahim, J. N, Musa, O. D., & Adamu, G. J. (2021). Utilization of biology laboratory teaching facilities and equipment in senior secondary schools in Borno State, Nigeria. Journal of Science Technology and Education, 9(4), 152-170.
  12. Jeronen, E., Palmberg, I., & Yli-Panula, E. (2017). Teaching methods in biology education and sustainability education including outdoor education for promoting sustainability-A literature review. Education Sciences, 7(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.3390/educcsci7010001
  13. Matazu, S. S. (2022). Enhancing secondary school students’ academic performance and retention in biology using instructional materials. In Proceedings of the 62nd Annual Conference of Science teachers (pp. 196-206). Science Teachers Association of Nigeria.
  14. Moses, V. (2020). Influence of instructional materials on students’ academic performance in biology in Calabar South local government area, Cross River State. Social Science Research Network. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3531233
  15. Munnir, A., & Musa, L. (2020). Assessment of availability, utilization, and impact of instructional materials on performance of physics students in Katsina Metropolis, Nigeria. Journal of the General Studies Unit Federal University Wukari, 2(3), 44-54.
  16. Musah, A., & Umar, A. A. (2017). Effects of availability and utilization of biology laboratory facilities and students’ academic achievements in secondary schools in Yobe State, Nigeria. International Journal of Innovative Social & Science Education Research, 5(2), 1-8.
  17. Mustapha, A., Aminu, B. K., Abdu, S. B., & Dauda, A. (2022). Availability of instructional materials on students’ academic performance in senior secondary schools in Maiduguri Metropolis, Borno State. Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, 14(2), 11-17. https://doi.org/10.9734/AJARR/2020/v14i230325
  18. NERDC. (2008). Senior secondary school curriculum: Biology for senior secondary schools 1-3. Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council Press.
  19. Ngozi, M. E., & Cliff, I. O. (2022). Availability and utilization of multimedia tools in chemistry instruction. In Proceedings of the 62nd Annual Conference of Science teachers (pp. 72-81). Science Teachers Association of Nigeria
  20. Nuhu, I., Abba, Alhaji, M., Musa, A., Uzoma, G. I., & Gambo, B. M. (2021). The attitude of biology teachers towards improvisation and utilization of instructional materials in teaching and learning biology in private secondary schools in Potiskum local government area. GSC Advanced Research and Reviews, 8(1), 28-40. https://doi.org/10.30574/gscarr.2021.8.1.0112
  21. Ogbuze, C. O., & Okoli, J. N. (2020). Extent of use of practical works by biology teachers in public secondary schools in Anambra State, Nigeria. UNIZIK Journal of STM Education, 3(2), 168-181.
  22. Salaudin, K., Muhammed, I., & Jubrin, A. G (2020). Exploring the relationship between biology teachers’ qualifications and resource knowledge for teaching biology in senior secondary schools in Bauchi State. Journal of Education in Developing Areas, 28(2), 48-60.
  23. Sodangi, U., Isma’il, A., & Abdulrahaman, A. (2022). Perception of secondary school science and mathematics teachers on professional development participation in Zamfara State, Nigeria. Integrity Journal of Education and Training, 6(2), 37-45. https://doi.org/10.31248/IJET2022.138
  24. Umar, A. A. (2011). Effects of biology practical activities on students’ process skills acquisition in Minna, Niger state, Nigeria. Journal of Science, Technology, Mathematics and Education, 7(2), 118-126.
  25. Umar, S., Sani, M. Y., & Isma’il, A. (2020). Impact of interactive teaching strategy on interest and performance in ecology among secondary school students in Kano State, Nigeria. Journal of Science Technology and Education, 8(4), 123-131.
  26. WAEC. (2019). Chief examiner’s report. West African Examinations Council. http://www.waecgh.org/examiners-report